Can PCOS cause diabetes? Diabetes is a chronic condition that develops when the pancreas fails to produce enough insulin or when the body‘s insulin is ineffectively used.
Hyperglycemia or high blood sugar level, is one of the common effects of uncontrolled diabetes, and, over time, leads to the possibility of severe damage to many of the body‘s systems, especially the nerves and blood vessels.
It is estimated that 420 million adults developed diabetes globally in 2015, compared to 110 million people in 1980. The global prevalence of diabetes has nearly doubled since the 80s. This highlights an increase in risk factors associated with issues like obesity.
Heart attacks, strokes, also lower limb amputations are all dangerous complications of diabetes. Type 2 diabetes can be prevented or delayed by eating a nutritious diet, exercising regularly and not smoking. In addition, it is possible to treat it and avoid its consequences or delay their appearance through medication and regular examination.
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common disorders in women of childbearing age, affecting about 10% Although estimates differ.
Not all women are at the same risk of developing diabetes 1 or 2, because the polycystic ovary syndrome (or PCOD) in some of them, increases the odds of having it. this chronic disorder, though common, is often diagnosed too late.
On the occasion of the publication of a study in which a group of researchers participated, the University of Birmingham explained that “women who suffer from Polycystic ovary syndrome are twice as likely to have type 2 diabetes or pre-diabetes“.
The study was huge, as it included a retrospective review of data from tens of thousands of British patients.
The research confirmed the existence of a well-established link that was already known between diabetes and this syndrome.
This disorder, associated with the high production of male hormones, leads above all to a disturbance in ovulation, To irregular menstrual cycles, which causes difficulties in childbearing and infertility in women.
However, the effects of this syndrome are not limited to fertility problems, as the interaction of patients is often weak with insulin, the hormone that regulates the level of sugar in the blood.
This resistance directly increases the risk of developing diabetes, which is the most common. The body's resistance to insulin causes PCOS (pcod) , which usually appears after the age of 40.
It is not yet clear what mechanisms link Polycystic ovary syndrome to insulin resistance. Among the possible explanations, women often suffer from obesity, which leads to enhance insulin resistance and later develop diabetes.
Weight gain can be linked to poor appetite regulation due to another insulin imbalance often reported in Women with polycystic ovary syndrome, which is the secretion of insulin in an amount that exceeds the normal range.
From a broader perspective, there is a strong correlation between the production of insulin and the male hormones. This line of research provides a good explanation for the links between PCOS and diabetes, although It is necessary to determine the causes and effects of this.
What can patients do to lower the diabetes risk?
The researchers proved that diabetes was less common in patients who took the main type of oral contraceptive Pregnancy, the combined pill.
Researcher who participated in this study, explained that this observation shows for the first time that there may be possible treatment to prevent the onset of diabetes in those with PCOS.
This observation is still only a hypothesis that was reached after observing the sample included in the study, and it should be confirmed Through clinical trials, especially that the difference is not large, as the incidence of diabetes or a condition Pre-diabetes was only a quarter lower in patients who took this type of pill.
Specialists believe that the most important thing provided by this study is to show that contraceptive pills do not have any opposite effect (it does not lead to an increase in the risk of developing diabetes in patients). This in itself is important information, as these pills are usually used to treat other symptoms of PCOS, including acne.
But in the case of diabetes itself, endocrinologists consider it necessary to diagnose the polycystic syndrome Ovaries at an early age, starting in adolescence. Thus, patients can be promptly encouraged to adopt healthy habits that reduce the risk of developing diabetes, such as daily physical exercise and avoiding bad foods.
However, this syndrome is most often discovered at a later stage in a woman‘s life, usually when there are Difficulties in having a child.